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JVIB: Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness


Año 2006. Número 100 (5)

Orientation & Mobility: Orientation and Mobility Content for Children and Youths: A Delphi Approach Pilot Study
Robert S. Wall Emerson; Anne L. Corn pp 331-342
A panel of 20 experts in orientation and mobility (O&M) reached consensus on concepts and skills that O&M specialists should teach to students who are blind or have low vision. Panelists also agreed on visual, environmental, and behavioral conditions that would require a formal O&M assessment
Rehabilitation: Life Goals in Vision Rehabilitation: Are They Addressed and How?
Verena R. Cimarolli; Kathrin Boerner; Shu-wen Wang pp 343-352
Abstract: This study explored if and how vision rehabilitation services address important life goals of young and middle-aged adults who are visually impaired. It found that services that teach functional skills and offer psychosocial therapeutic-type services were instrumental in addressing life goals and that independence-related goals were most often addressed, but leisure-related goals were least often addressed
Listening Comprehension: The Effect of a Summarization-Based Cumulative Retelling Strategy on Listening Comprehension of College Students with Visual Impairments
A. Tuba Tuncer; Banu Altunay pp 353-365
Abstract: Because students with visual impairments need auditory materials in order to access information, listening comprehension skills are important to their academic success. The present study investigated the effectiveness of summarization-based cumulative retelling strategy on the listening comprehension of four visually impaired college students. An adapted multiple-investigation design across subjects was used. Findings suggest that the instructional procedures led to increased listening comprehension among participants, and that these gains were maintained at follow-up 30 days later
Research Reports: The Self-concept of Spanish Young Adults with Retinitis Pigmentosa
María Dolores López-Justicia; Inmaculada Nieto Córdoba pp 366-370
This study was supported by the Andalusian Regional Government through Research Group HUM0232, Psicología de la Intervención Educativa, and the Program "Desarrollo personal y social de los afectados de Retinosis Pigmentaria" (Consejería de Salud de Andalucía, Expte: 180/03/84). We thank Karen Shashok and Nareene Kaloyan for translating the original manuscript into English.
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a degenerative disease of the retina that causes the severe impairment of visual functioning similar to low vision, leading, in many cases, to blindness (Geruschat & Turano, 2002; Rundquist, 2004). The disease induces the breakdown of the photoreceptors (rods and cones) in the retina. Because these structures are highly specialized, any defect in their function, no matter how slight, can affect vision. Changes in the structure and metabolism of the photoreceptors are the result of alterations in genes, and the failure of any of the many genes that are involved in the functioning of the photoreceptors can lead to changes in vision (Adler, 2002)

Changes in Patterns of Age-Related Visual Impairment in the Netherlands: A Comparison of Two Cohorts of Patients Referred to Rehabilitation Programs 10 Years Apart
Ger H. M. B. van Rens; Judith A. Lens; Michael R. de Boer pp 370-375
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